Glaucoma is an eye condition that causes damage to the optic nerve. If left untreated, the condition will progress and worsen over time. It is usually caused by a buildup of pressure inside of the eye. If you feel that you may be suffering from glaucoma, you should make an appointment to visit an eye doctor. We can assist you here at The Family Eye Site in Pembroke Pines, FL.
Causes & Symptoms
Glaucoma is caused by a buildup of fluid inside the eye. When the eye produces too much fluid, a blockage is likely to occur. While experts are unsure of what exactly causes the blockage, it is known to be inherited and likely passed from parents to children. While less common, glaucoma may be caused by a chemical injury to the eye, inflammatory conditions, or blocked blood vessels within the eye. Normally it affects both of the eyes. However, it can be worse in one of the eyes than the other.
Symptoms of glaucoma include:
- Eye redness
- Throbbing pain
- Foggy or blurry vision
- Halos around any lights
- Nausea or vomiting
- Dilated pupils
Symptoms normally come on quickly. You will need to be sure to visit an optometry office right away since this type of glaucoma is considered an emergency. Nerve damage to the eyes can happen within just a few hours.
Treatments vary depending on the severity of your glaucoma. This is why it is important to get regular optical exams to catch any early signs of the disease. Our optometrist may prescribe or recommend any of the following:
- Eye drops: These drops can help reduce the creation of fluid in the eyes.
- Oral medication-Beta blockers or a carbonic anhydrase inhibitor may be prescribed to help improve drainage in the eye.
- Laser surgery: This procedure can help stop the blockage of fluid if you have angle-closure glaucoma.
- Microsurgery: This is a procedure that can help drain fluid and decrease eye pressure. However, it may need to be performed more than once.
Be sure to eat healthily, exercise regularly, avoid smoking, take your medicine, and watch your caffeine intake if you are someone that is living with glaucoma. Our eye doctor will recommend the most effective possible treatment based on the type and severity of your glaucoma.
Visit Our Eye Doctor in Pembroke Pines, FL
At The Family Eye Site, we have years of experience helping residents of Pembroke Pines, FL identify and address glaucoma. For more information or to schedule an appointment, call us at (954) 430-8330.